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Budapest is the capital of Hungary. Budapest has the largest population compared to all other cities of Hungary, and it is the tenth-largest city in the European Union (EU).
See the fact file below for more information on the Budapest or alternatively, you can download our 21-page Budapest worksheet pack to utilise within the classroom or home environment.
Key Facts & Information
- Budapest, the most populated city in Hungary, has a population of 1,752,286.
- Budapest is both a city and a county, and forms the center of the Budapest Metropolitan area.
- The larger Budapest Metropolitan Area has a population of 3,303,786 making up 33% of Hungary’s total population.
- Budapest is known to have several nicknames: Heart of Europe, Queen of the Danube. Pearl of the Danube, Capital of Freedom, Capital of the Spas and Thermal Baths, and Capital of Festivals.
- Budapest was established when Buda, Pest, and Óbuda merged or unified on November 17, 1873.
- Budapest’s boroughs comprise of 23 districts.
- The people of Budapest are called Budapester or Budapesti.
- Budapest has a long official name of Budapest, including the Banks of the Danube, the Buda Castle Quarter and Andrássy Avenue.
- Around 41-54 AD, Budapest’s history began when a Roman town of Aquincum, the capital of Lower Pannonia, was established from an early Celtic settlement.
- In the 9th Century, the Hungarians arrived in this territory. In 1241, the area was pillaged by Mongols.
- In the 15th Century, Buda, the settlements on the west bank of the river, became one of the centers of the Renaissance humanist culture, meaning, the people of Buda valued education and art that aims to express eloquence and clarity.
- In 1526, the Battle of Mohács—a battle fought in Mohács, the Kingdom of Hungary, between the Kingdom of Hungary and the Ottoman Empire—was followed by almost 150 years of Ottoman rule.
- Hungary regained Buda after the Siege of Buda in 1686.
- This resulted in the rapid growth of the Buda region.
- Pest-Buda became a global city with the unification of Buda, Óbuda, and Pest on November 17, 1873.
- “Budapest” was the new given name to the capital.
- When Austria and Hungary merged into an empire, the Austro-Hungarian Empire from 1867-1918, Budapest became one of its co-capital cities, along with Vienna.
- World War I followed the dissolution of the Austro-Hungarian Empire.
- Budapest was a focal point or the center of the Hungarian Revolution of 1848.
- It was one of the many European Revolutions of 1848.
- It was a revolution of the Kingdom of Hungary that grew into a war for total independence from the Habsburg dynasty.
- It is also one of the cornerstones of the Hungarian national identity.
- In 1944, the Battle of Budapest happened.
- For 50 days, the Soviet forces surrounded the Hungarian capital of Budapest, near the end of World War II.
- This was called the Siege of Budapest or the Battle of Budapest.
- This was part of the larger Budapest Offensive: the siege began when Budapest, defended by Hungarian and German troops, was first encircled on December 26, 1944, by the Red Army and the Romanian Army.
- During the siege, about 38,000 civilians died through starvation or military action.
- The city unconditionally surrendered on February 13, 1945.
- It was a strategic victory for the Allies in their push towards Berlin.
- Leaderless when it first began, it was the first major threat to Soviet control since the Red Army drove Nazi Germany from its territory at the End of World War II in Europe.
- The Hungarian Revolution of 1956 also centered on Budapest.
- Lasting from October 23 until November 10, 1956, a nationwide revolution against the Hungarian People’s Republic and its Soviet-imposed policies occurred.
- This was the Hungarian Revolution or Hungarian Uprising.
- The most popular capital is the neo-Gothic Parliament.
- It is the biggest building in Hungary with its 268 meters length.
- It also features the Hungarian Crown Jewels since 2001.
- The most important religious building in Hungary is Saint Stephen’s Basilica, where the Holy Right Hand of Saint Stephen is on display. Saint Stephen is Hungary’s first king.
- Places like the Gerbeaud Café, the Százéves, Biarritz, Fortuna, Alabárdos, Arany Szarvas, Kárpátia, and the world-famous Mátyás Pince restaurant and beer bars features and serves the Hungarian Cuisine.
- Roman remains of the ancient town could be found at the Aquincum Museum.
- Historic furniture could be found at the Nagytétény Castle Museum.
- There are a total of 223 museums in Budapest.
This is a fantastic bundle which includes everything you need to know about Budapest across 21 in-depth pages. These are ready-to-use Budapest worksheets that are perfect for teaching students about the Budapest which is the capital of Hungary. Budapest has the largest population compared to all other cities of Hungary, and it is the tenth-largest city in the European Union (EU).
Complete List Of Included Worksheets
- Budapest Facts
- Capital of Hungary
- Fast Facts
- Background of Budapest
- Like the Landmarks
- Siege of Budapest
- What They Say
- European Contrast
- Cities of Hungary
- People of Budapest
- My Budapest Poem
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Link will appear as Budapest Facts & Worksheets: https://kidskonnect.com - KidsKonnect, August 12, 2019
Use With Any Curriculum
These worksheets have been specifically designed for use with any international curriculum. You can use these worksheets as-is, or edit them using Google Slides to make them more specific to your own student ability levels and curriculum standards.