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Ecuador, officially known as the Republic of Ecuador is a small country located in the northwestern South America. Despite its relatively small size, it is one of the 17 megadiverse countries in the world. Ecuador was named after the equator since it passes directly through the country.
See the fact file below for more information on the Ecuador or alternatively, you can download our 19-page Ecuador worksheet pack to utilise within the classroom or home environment.
Key Facts & Information
HISTORICAL AND GEOGRAPHICAL BACKGROUND
- Around 1000 BC, the kingdom of Quito was formed in the northern highlands of present-day Ecuador, which was then integrated into the Inca Empire through conquest and marriage.
- In 1532, Spanish conquistador Francisco Pizarro conquered the Inca Empire. Since its conquest, the colony was under Spanish rule until the 17th century. The natives as well as its resources were subjected to systematic exploitation.
- In 1809, the first revolt against the Spaniards occurred. Ecuador was joined by Colombia, Venezuela, and Panama, which was later named as the confederacy of Greater Colombia. Until 1740, Ecuador was under the Viceroyalty of Peru before it was transferred to the Viceroyalty of New Granada along with Colombia and Venezuela.
- Unlike other territories in South America, Ecuador did not attract many European settlers due to few deposits of gold and silver.
- After the successful revolution, Greater Colombia collapsed in 1830, which declared Ecuador as an independent nation. It was followed by a long period of political instability between the conservatives and liberals.
- Despite its independence, most of its presidents had managed to finish a full four-year term. Moreover, the constitution was changed 13 times in a century after its independence.
- In 1941, Peru invaded Ecuador and was able to seize large tracts of territory due to the disputed Amazon region.
- After the wars in 1981 and 1995, Peru and Ecuador signed a treaty ending the decades of border disputes in 1999.
- Ecuador is located in the northwest region of South America bordered by the Pacific Ocean at the Equator, between Colombia and Peru. Quito is the capital city.
- Geographically, Ecuador is divided into four distinct regions: el Oriente or the Amazon jungle in the east, la Sierra or the Andes Mountains in the center, la Costa or the Pacific coastal lowlands in the west, and the Galapagos Islands off the coast.
- In 1835, Charles Darwin visited the Galapagos Islands and made his experiments which later produced his theory of evolution.
- It has an area of 109,484 square miles almost the same size of the US State of Colorado.
- Ecuador’s national flag features three main colors. It has a tricolor bands from top to bottom; yellow, blue,and red. Yellow represents the crops and soil, blue stands for the seas and skies, and red represents the lives lost during its fight for independence.
- At the center is the nation’s coat of arms, the design features the mountain of Chimborazo and the Guayas River. Moreover, a condor is located atop the coat of arms that stands for the power and strength of the nation. The palm leaf represents the martyrs who fought and sacrificed their lives for the nation’s freedom and liberty, while the laurel represents the victories of the republic.
- It was in 1820 when the first flag was adopted, but it only became a national standard in 1900 and modified to the current version in 2009.
- The original flag was designed by South American revolutionist, Francisco de Miranda. The flag was said to be first flown on a ship near Haiti while fighting the Spanish troops.
- The flag of Ecuador is almost identical with the Colombian and Venezuelan flag since they came from the confederation of Gran Colombia (under the names Guayaquil, Venezuela, and Nueva Granada).
PEOPLE AND CULTURE
- Due to centuries of colonization, Spanish is the official language in Ecuador, however there are 13 more indigenous languages spoken in the country, including Quechua – an Incan language spoken by the natives.
- About 95% of its population are Roman Catholics which is why most festivals and holidays celebrated in Ecuador are religion-based, including Saints days and Christian holidays.
- About 30% of Ecuador’s population is composed of indigenous people, while 70% are mestizos or ethnic blend of Spaniards and native population.
- Pasillo is the well-known music in Ecuador which is often played for dances and festivals.
- Like many Hispanic countries, Day of the Dead or Dia de los Muertos is celebrated to pay homage to deceased family members.
- Guinea pig meat is a delicacy in Ecuador, while rice is a staple food.
- Aside from Galapagos Island, Quito was named as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1978.
This is a fantastic bundle which includes everything you need to know about Ecuador across 19 in-depth pages. These are ready-to-use Ecuador worksheets that are perfect for teaching students about the Ecuador, officially known as the Republic of Ecuador which is a small country located in the northwestern South America. Despite its relatively small size, it is one of the 17 megadiverse countries in the world. Ecuador was named after the equator since it passes directly through the country.
Complete List Of Included Worksheets
- Ecuador Facts
- Ecuadorian Flag
- The Gran Colombia
- Back in Time
- Mapping Ecuador
- Pizarro and the Incas
- When in Quito
- Gold and SIlver
- Darwin and the Galapagos Island
- Travelling Ecuador
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Link will appear as Ecuador Facts & Worksheets: https://kidskonnect.com - KidsKonnect, June 12, 2019
Use With Any Curriculum
These worksheets have been specifically designed for use with any international curriculum. You can use these worksheets as-is, or edit them using Google Slides to make them more specific to your own student ability levels and curriculum standards.