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Jakarta is the largest city as well as the capital of Indonesia. Jakarta’s official name is the Special Capital Region of Jakarta. Jakarta is the world’s second-most populous urban area after Tokyo. Jakarta is nicknamed the “Big Durian,” the thorny strongly-odored fruit native to the country, seen as the Indonesian equivalent of Big Apple (New York).
See the fact file below for more information on the Jakarta or alternatively, you can download our 20-page Jakarta worksheet pack to utilise within the classroom or home environment.
Key Facts & Information
- Jakarta is the biggest city in Indonesia with a role as the capital of Indonesia and as the government center of Indonesia. Jakarta is included in the 33 provinces in Indonesia and therefore governed by a governor who reports to the President of Indonesia through the Internal Affairs Minister.
- Due to the multi-role as both a province and the capital of Indonesia, Jakarta has a status of Special Capital Region (Daerah Khusus Ibukota=DKI). DKI Jakarta has five municipalities as well as the administrative regency.
- The five municipalities include North Jakarta (Jakarta Utara), East Jakarta (Jakarta Timur), West Jakarta (Jakarta Barat), South Jakarta (Jakarta Selatan), Central Jakarta (Jakarta Pusat), and Thousand Islands Regency (Kepulauan Seribu).
- Each municipality is directed by a mayor who serves to prepare the planning of their region.
- Thousand Islands is headed by a regent who’s responsible for the financial matters.
- The history of Jakarta started from a small port at the mouth of the Ciliwung River, centuries ago.
- The port city then developed to become a busy international trading center.
- There was evidence of settlements on the Ciliwung River dating back to the 4th or 5th centuries.
- But the history of Jakarta really kicked off when the first European settlers came.
- The Portuguese took a fancy to this already built port, which they later made use of to expand colonial aims.
- The port city was then attacked by its neighbor, Demak Kingdom, under the control of Fatahillah, driving out the Portuguese.
- On June 22, 1527, Kelapa Port was taken away and the name was then changed to Jayakarta, which meant a city of glory and victory. That day is recognized as the birthday of Jakarta.
- Dutch fleet arrived in the 16th century and soon controlled Jayakarta and changed the name to Batavia.
- Batavia boomed as well as its population.
- The colonial-era ended when the Japanese dominated Indonesia, from 1942 to 1945 during World War II. The name of Batavia was transformed to Jakarta.
- On August 17, 1945, Ir. Soekarno proclaimed the freedom of Indonesia in Jakarta, when the red and white flag of Indonesia was officially raised for the first time.
- The sovereignty of Indonesia was officially acknowledged in 1949 when Indonesia joined the United Nation.
- Jakarta was officially announced as the capital of Indonesia in 1966.
BEST TIME TO VISIT
- The most suitable time to visit Jakarta is from June to September when the weather is pleasant with a fair possibility of rainfall.
- Jakarta being a subtropical region, the weather is warm and humid throughout the year.
- There are two major seasons in Jakarta – the dry season runs from May to September and the wet season goes from October to April.
- Bajaj auto rickshaw provides local transportation in the back streets of some parts of the city. Angkot microbuses also give a major role in road transport around Jakarta.
- Taxicabs, as well as ojeks (motorcycle taxis), are available in the city.
- The Soekarno–Hatta International Airport (CGK) is the main airport serving the greater Jakarta region, while tje Halim Perdanakusuma Airport (HLP) entertains the private and low-cost domestic flights.
- Indonesia’s busiest, and Jakarta’s main, seaport Tanjung Priok serves various ferry connections to different parts of Indonesia.
- The Betawi are the original people who lived in Jakarta.
- At the beginning of Jakarta’s history, there were some people from different ethnicities like Sundanese, Javanese, Balinese, Malayan, Maluku people, Chinese, Portuguese, Dutch, Arabian, Indian and some others living in Jakarta that brought a different kind of culture to Jakarta.
- The common language used in daily communication was Malay with some influence of Portuguese, Chinese, and English on the dialect.
- Those people from different ethnicities then slowly assimilated to one another and finally lost their original culture.
- From the assimilation process, a new ethnicity was born, called Betawi.
- Betawi people have a unique culture that can be quickly recognized from their dialect, clothing, and arts.
- Situ Babakan, a cultural preserve, was founded to conserve the culture of Betawi people.
FOOD IN JAKARTA
- All kinds of Indonesian cuisine have a presence in Jakarta. The local cuisine is Betawi cuisine, which includes various foreign culinary traditions.
- One of the most famous local dishes of Betwai cuisine is Soto Betawi, which is prepared from chunks of beef and offal in rich and spicy cow’s milk or coconut milk broth.
- Nasi goreng literally means “fried rice” in both the Indonesian as well as in Malay languages. It is an Indonesian rice dish with pieces of meat and vegetables added.
- Another famous street food is Siomay (also Somay). It is an Indonesian steamed fish dumpling with vegetables served in peanut sauce.
- Baozi or bao is a type of yeast-leavened filled bun in various Chinese cuisines. There are multiple variations in fillings (meat or vegetarian) and preparations, though the buns are most usually steamed.
- Satay, or sate in Indonesian and Malay spelling, is a Southeast Asian dish of seasoned, skewered and grilled meat, served with a sauce. It is from Indonesia and famous in Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, and Brunei.
This is a fantastic bundle which includes everything you need to know about the Jakarta across 20 in-depth pages. These are ready-to-use Jakarta worksheets that are perfect for teaching students about the Jakarta which is the largest city as well as the capital of Indonesia. Jakarta’s official name is the Special Capital Region of Jakarta. Jakarta is the world’s second-most populous urban area after Tokyo. Jakarta is nicknamed the “Big Durian,” the thorny strongly-odored fruit native to the country, seen as the Indonesian equivalent of Big Apple (New York).
Complete List Of Included Worksheets
- Jakarta, Indonesia Facts
- Jakarta Profile
- Five Municipalities
- Jakarta in Different Roles
- Jakarta Timeline
- Modes of Transpo
- Tour Guide
- Jakarta’s People
- Big Durian
- Color the Circle
- Symbolic Jakarta
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Use With Any Curriculum
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