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Qingdao (Wade-Giles romanization Ch’ing-tao, conventional Tsingtao) literally translates as ‘Green Island’ and is the largest city in Shandong province and the number 1 seaside metropolis in China. It is often dubbed as the ‘Switzerland of the East’ and “Asian Geneva”, and is also a major seaport and industrial center.
See the fact file below for more information on the Qingdao or alternatively, you can download our 21-page Qingdao worksheet pack to utilise within the classroom or home environment.
Key Facts & Information
- Qingdao is located on the south coast of Shandong Peninsula at the eastern entrance to Jiaozhou (Kiaochow) Bay.
- Qingdao has a population of 9.29 million and has the largest local economy in Shandong province.
- This cozy modern city has leveraged its history as one of China’s first gateways to the outside world to become an economic and cultural hub in Northern China.
- It is home to the international electronics brands Haier and Hisense, and the manufacturing base for trains running in Boston and Philadelphia.
- In 1891, during the administration of the Qing Dynasty, the area where Qingdao is located today was called Jiao’ao. The Qing Government decided to make the area a primary defense base against naval attacks, and planned to build a city.
- In 1897, the town was ceded to European nations. The Germans soon turned Qingdao into a strategically vital port that was administered by the Department of the Navy instead of the Colonial workplace. They primarily based their region squadron in the town, permitting the fleet to conduct operations throughout the Pacific.
- Beginning in January 1898, Seebataillon was primarily based in Qingdao. The German imperial government planned and engineered the primary streets and establishments of town that remain in modern times, as well as the world-famous Tsingtao distillery. German influence extended to different areas of Shandong province, as well as to rival breweries.
- After World War I, the German forces, under Admiral Graf von Spee, left Qingdao before being trapped in the harbour by Allied fleets. After a consequent minor British naval attack on the German colony in 1914, Japan occupied the town and the neighboring province during the Siege of Tsingtao after they declared war on Germany. The Allies’ failure to revive Chinese rule to Shandong triggered the May Fourth Movement.
- The city reverted to Chinese rule in 1922, in restraint of the Republic of China. It became a direct-controlled municipality of the ROC Government in 1929.
- Japan re-occupied Qingdao in 1938, aiming to expand its territory to China’s coast. In World War II, the KMT allowed Qingdao to function as the headquarters of the Western Pacific Fleet of the United States Navy.
- Since 1984, when China opened its doors to foreign trade and investment, Qingdao has developed immensely as a contemporary port town. It’s currently the headquarters of the Chinese navy’s northern fleet.
- Qingdao now acts as a manufacturing center and home to Haier Corporation, a renowned electronics firm. A brand new central city district has recently been created to the east of the older city district.
- Beyond the middle part of the city is an industrial zone, which is involved in chemical processing, rubber, and significant levels of manufacturing, as well as an expanding high-tech area.
- Qingdao is located on the south-facing coast of Shandong Peninsula and neighbors three prefecture-level cities: Yantai to the northeast, Weifang to the west, and Rizhao to the southwest. Of the total area of Qingdao, 15.5% is highland, while foothill, plain, and lowland areas constitute 25.1%, 37.8%, and 21.7%. The city has a 730.64-kilometer (454.00 mi) coastline.
- Qingdao experiences a temperate, four-season, monsoon-influenced climate that lies within the transition between the wet subtropic and wet continental regimes, however favoring the former.
- Internationally, Qingdao is probably most famous for its Tsingtao brewery, the result of a German-British venture in 1903 that produces Tsingtao beer.
- Haier, a major white goods manufacturer, and Hisense, an electronics company, are also based in the city. In 2002, guitar makers Epiphone opened a manufacturing plant in Qingdao.
- Being a key commerce port in the province, Qingdao prospers with foreign investment and international trade. South Korea and Japan have invested heavily in the city.
- Unlike Westerners, Chinese people do not usually greet people who they have not been introduced to or are not familiar with. It would seem odd if a person said “Hi” or “Hello” when passing someone in the street in Qingdao. It is also standard practice to have a name card or business card to give to people when introduced.
- Dinner in China is a family affair and all of the dishes are placed on a central table. In Qingdao, it is quite common to wash your meal down with the local Tsingtao or LaoShan Beer. There is also a special custom Chinese called “drinking tea”.
- Giving gifts and treating people to dinner is a common practice in Qingdao, especially during festival days. If a gift is given, it should be offered and received with two hands.
- Qingdao attracts a large number of tourists owing to its location by the seaside and its temperate weather. The shore is lined with parks, beaches, sculptures and distinctive German and modern architecture.
- These are some of Qingdao’s main tourist hotspots:
- Zhanqiao Pier, situated on the southern part shore of Qingdao off Zhongshan Road. An octangular marquee referred to as the Billowing Back and Forth Tower stands at the top of the pier.
- Zhanshan Temple, also known as Dschanschan-Tempel, is Qingdao’s oldest Buddhist temple.
- May Fourth Square or Platz des vierten Mai is the coastal plaza with the Wind of Might sculpture.
- Ba Da Guan, also called Eight Great Passes, is the older part of the city with some extant German and Japanese design.
- Tian Hou Temple, Qingdao People Museum.
- Jiaozhou Governor’s Hall, previously the German colonial government building (Gouverneurspalast).
- Xiao Yu Hill, which means “Small Fish Mountain Public Park, is found east of Laiyang Road, Qingdao. It’s sixty meters high and covers 2.5 hectares, and is the first park hill in a classical garden style in Qingdao. On June 8, 2012, the cultural celebrity street of Xiaoyu Hill was named as a Chinese historical and cultural street.
This is a fantastic bundle which includes everything you need to know about the Qingdao across 21 in-depth pages. These are ready-to-use Qingdao worksheets that are perfect for teaching students about the Qingdao (Wade-Giles romanization Ch’ing-tao, conventional Tsingtao) which literally translates as ‘Green Island’ and is the largest city in Shandong province and the number 1 seaside metropolis in China. It is often dubbed as the ‘Switzerland of the East’ and “Asian Geneva”, and is also a major seaport and industrial center.
Complete List Of Included Worksheets
- Qingdao, China Facts
- Front Page
- All About Qingdao
- Four Seasons
- Summarizing History
- Four Brief Facts
- Cultural Practices
- Chinese Foods
- Qingdao Acrostic
- Reaction Paper
- Qingdao Tourism
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Link will appear as Qingdao Facts & Worksheets: https://kidskonnect.com - KidsKonnect, March 25, 2020
Use With Any Curriculum
These worksheets have been specifically designed for use with any international curriculum. You can use these worksheets as-is, or edit them using Google Slides to make them more specific to your own student ability levels and curriculum standards.