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Table of Contents
The Space Shuttle was a spacecraft which was used by the American National Aeronautics and Space Administration, or NASA. Space Shuttles were used to carry astronauts and cargo into space.
See the fact file below for more information on the Space Shuttle or alternatively, you can download our 21-page Space Shuttle worksheet pack to utilise within the classroom or home environment.
Key Facts & Information
- The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) is an agency of the United States focusing on civilian space programs, as well as aeronautics and aerospace research.
- Established in 1958, most US space exploration efforts have been led by NASA, including the Apollo Moon landing missions, the Skylab space station, and the Space Shuttle.
- From 1961-1966, it first developed Project Gemini, which was created to develop long-duration flights, developing space rendezvous techniques, and precision Earth landings.
- After extensive explorations and calculations, the Apollo Program was implemented from 1961 to 1972.
- Its primary mission was to land a man on the Moon by the end of the 1960s.
- 12 Astronauts walked on the moon after 11 successful spaceflight missions.
- From 1965 to 1979, the US built a space station called the Skylab. It orbited the earth for 2,249 days.
- The Space Shuttle then became the major focus of NASA in the late 1970s and the 1980s.
THE SPACE SHUTTLE ERA
- The Space Shuttle era began in the 1980’s.
- John Young and Robert Crippen launched the space shuttle program on April 12, 1981 by piloting Columbia to space and returning successfully two days later.
- Space Shuttle Columbia was the first ship in the NASA fleet. It completed 27 missions.
- Starting with Columbia and continuing with Challenger, Discovery, Atlantis, and Endeavour, the spacecraft has carried people into orbit repeatedly, launched, recovered, and repaired satellites, conducted cutting-edge research, and built the International Space Station.
- The space shuttle did many things. It could carry up to seven astronauts at a time.
- It took satellites to space so they could orbit Earth. The shuttle carried large parts into space to build the International Space Station.
- The space shuttle was also like a science lab. Astronauts did experiments there. Doing experiments in space is different than doing them on Earth.
- By 2010, it is reported that the project cost US$209 billion with about US$450 million each mission.
- Each time a space shuttle launched, it was called a mission. The space shuttle launched for 135 missions.
- Each mission lasted for one or two weeks. The first mission was in 1981. The last mission was in 2011.
- The final space shuttle mission, STS-135, ended July 21, 2011 when Atlantis rolled to a stop at its home port, NASA’s Kennedy Space Center in Florida.
THE SPACE SHUTTLE
- It takes only 8 minutes for the Space Shuttle to accelerate to a speed of more than 17,000 miles per hour. The liftoff weight of the space shuttle is 4.5 million pounds.
- The main engine on the Space Shuttle weighs as much as a train locomotive, but puts out as much horse power as 39 locomotives.
- The Space Shuttle is one of the most complicated and innovative machines ever built. It was a huge leap in technology when the first shuttle was launched, because it represented spacecraft that was reusable.
- Crews range in size from five to seven people. Over 600 crew members have flown on shuttle missions. Space shuttles have also sent more than 3 million pounds of cargo into space. The longest any shuttle has stayed in orbit is 17.5 days, in November 1996.
- A Space Shuttle and its boosters ready for launch are the same height as the Statue of Liberty but weigh almost three times as much.
- The shuttle launches like a rocket, orbits like a spacecraft, and lands like a plane.
- NASA will test its new deep space exploration system beginning with an uncrewed flight of SLS and Orion, known as Exploration Mission-1.
- NASA will build up its deep space capabilities before ultimately sending humans to the Red Planet.
Space Shuttle Worksheets
This is a fantastic bundle which includes everything you need to know about Space Shuttle across 21 in-depth pages. These are ready-to-use Space Shuttle worksheets that are perfect for teaching students about the Space Shuttle which was a spacecraft which was used by the American National Aeronautics and Space Administration, or NASA. Space Shuttles were used to carry astronauts and cargo into space.
Complete List Of Included Worksheets
- Galactic Glossary
- Support Crew
- The Shuttles
- Launch Configuration
- Speed Star
- Missions Accomplished
- The Space
- Challenger & Columbia
- Sci-Fi Shuttles
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Link will appear as Space Shuttle Facts & Worksheets: https://kidskonnect.com - KidsKonnect, June 20, 2019
Use With Any Curriculum
These worksheets have been specifically designed for use with any international curriculum. You can use these worksheets as-is, or edit them using Google Slides to make them more specific to your own student ability levels and curriculum standards.