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The Southern Hemisphere is the southern portion or half of the Earth (map). It begins at the equator at 0° and continues south into lower latitudes until it reaches 90°S or the South Pole in the middle of Antarctica.
See the fact file below for more information about the southern hemisphere or alternatively you can download our comprehensive worksheet pack to utilise within the classroom or home environment.
- The word hemisphere means half of a sphere, and because the Earth is spherical (oblate sphere), a hemisphere is half of the Earth.
- The Southern Hemisphere has more water mass and fewer land mass compared to the Northern Hemisphere.
- The continents making up the Southern Hemisphere include around 1/3 of Africa, all of Antarctica, most of South America and all of Australia.
- 80.9% of the Southern Hemisphere is made up of water including the South Pacific, South Atlantic, Indian Oceans and various seas such as the Tasman Sea between Australia and New Zealand and the Weddell Sea near Antarctica.
- The large presence of water in the Southern Hemisphere makes the climate milder overall than the Northern Hemisphere.
- This area features a temperate climate, which generally has large amounts of precipitation, cold winters, and warm summers. The most prevalent are the southern temperate zone, which runs from the Tropic of Capricorn to the beginning of the Arctic Circle at 66.5°S.
- Summer in the Southern Hemisphere lasts from around December 21 to the vernal equinox around March 20. Winter lasts from around June 21 to the autumnal equinox around September 21.
- The Coriolis Effect is an important component of physical geography in the Southern Hemisphere. In the Southern Hemisphere, any object moving over the Earth’s surface deflects to the left.
- In the Southern Hemisphere, the sun passes from east to west through the north, although north of the Tropic of Capricorn the mean sun can be directly overhead or due south at midday.
- The Sagittarius constellation that includes the galactic centre is a southern constellation and this, combined with clearer skies, makes for excellent viewing of the night sky from the Southern Hemisphere, with brighter and more numerous stars.
Southern Hemisphere Worksheets
This bundle contains 9 ready-to-use Southern Hemisphere Worksheets that are perfect for students who want to learn more about the Southern Hemisphere which is the southern portion or half of the Earth (map). It begins at the equator at 0° and continues south into lower latitudes until it reaches 90°S or the South Pole in the middle of Antarctica.
Download includes the following worksheets:
- Southern Hemisphere Facts
- Seasons in the South – Four Seasons
- Quick Quiz
- Countries in the South – Africa
- The South Pacific Islands Matchup
- South America Letter Jumble
- The Rest of the South
- Southern Beauty – Take the Best Pics
- More Southern – Word Creator
- Key Answers
Link/cite this page
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Link will appear as Southern Hemisphere Facts & Worksheets: https://kidskonnect.com - KidsKonnect, November 3, 2017
Use With Any Curriculum
These worksheets have been specifically designed for use with any international curriculum. You can use these worksheets as-is, or edit them using Google Slides to make them more specific to your own student ability levels and curriculum standards.