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The Operation Desert Storm also known as the first Persian Gulf War was the codename of the Allied coalition troops as they retrieved Kuwait from Iraq’s invasion in 1991.
- Historically, Kuwait was part of the British protectorate from 1889 until 1961. It is located along the Arabian Peninsula occupying the total area 6, 880 sq. mi. After two years of independence, they established their own constitution and joined the Arab League.
- Starting from 1963, Saddam Hussein, a military-politico from Iraq disliked the independence of Kuwait as a country. He argued that Kuwait was historically included in Iraq’s territory.
- On August 1990, Iraqi troops led by their fifth president Saddam Hussein invaded the capital city of Kuwait. Political analysts, suggested that three major reasons intensified the tension between the two neighboring countries. First, Saddam wanted Kuwait to be the 19th province of Iraq. Second, Saddam requested the Kuwaiti government to waive their huge debt after the war with Iran. Obviously, Kuwait refused. Third, Kuwait was becoming a growing economy due to its rich oil reserves. Economically, Saddam wanted to merge this natural resource with that of Iraq so collectively they can compete with Saudi Arabia’s oil exportation worldwide business.
- Saddam Hussein offered other Arab countries the chance to join him but Saudi Arabia along with Syria declined. Instead, they supported the Allied coalitions in recovering Kuwait city. On November 29, 1990, the United Nations Security Council passed the resolution on giving Iraq the ultimatum of leaving Kuwait on or before January 15, 1991. The United States of America along with Great Britain proposed the action as they fear the global oil price hike as the consequence of war.
- Iraq did not respond to the resolution. On January 16, 1991, the Allied coalition composed of the United States, Britain, France, Italy, Saudi Arabia, Syria, Egypt and Soviet Union started air strikes on the cities of Baghdad and Kuwait. The Operation Desert Storm was recorded as the launching of highly technological use of GPS (global positioning system) for warfare. It helped in locating the target through the use of satellite. Various types of aircrafts dropped bombs and missiles in destabilizing Iraq’s communication centers.
- By February 24, 1991, the Allied troops began the ground war. After 100 hours of battle, Kuwait was liberated along with its borders to Saudi Arabia. The ceasefire followed in fear of chemical weapons from Iraq. Pres. George W. Bush of America led the coalition in containing the battlegrounds.
- The first Persian Gulf War concluded with thousands of Iraqi deaths and hundreds from the Allied troops. It marked the advancement in technological warfare including fighter jet planes and battle tanks.
- Saddam Hussein ruled Iraq from Baghdad as he negotiated the ceasefire. The following years were not as peaceful as expected. Saddam was re-elected as president in 1995 with 100% votes. The country was sanctioned by the United Nations. They was prohibited to engage in oil exportation, development of biochemical weapons, and the “no fly zone” policy.
Operation Desert Storm Worksheets
This bundle contains 11 ready-to-use Operation Desert Storm Worksheets that are perfect for students who want to learn more about Operation Desert Storm which is also known as the first Persian Gulf War; codename of the Allied coalition troops as they retrieved Kuwait from Iraq’s invasion in 1991.
Download includes the following worksheets:
- Operation Desert Storm Facts
- GPS Mapping
- Iraq’s Saddam Hussein
- Three Reasons Why
- Other Famous Leaders
- Before the Desert Storm
- The United Nations
- Technology and Warfare
- World Wars
- Daily Post
- Promoting Peace
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Link will appear as Operation Desert Storm Facts & Worksheets: https://kidskonnect.com - KidsKonnect, May 5, 2017
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