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Operation Desert Storm was a 42-day, US-led air offensive against Saddam Hussein after his invasion of Kuwait. The United States was supported by the UN Security Council and by NATO allies.
See the fact file below for more information on the Operation Desert Storm or alternatively, you can download our 19-page Operation Desert Storm worksheet pack to utilise within the classroom or home environment.
Key Facts & Information
- On August 2, 1990, Iraq, led by Saddam Hussein, invaded Kuwait. The Emirate of Kuwait is a neighboring country of Iraq and is rich in oil. After two days of invasion, Hussein declared Kuwait as the 19th Province of Iraq.
- Between 1889 and 1961, Kuwait was part of the British protectorate. It is located along the Arabian Peninsula and has a total area of 6,880 square miles.
- Before the invasion, Kuwait became an independent nation in 1961. The Iraqi government then opposed its claim and asserted that Kuwait was an extension of theirs. That same year, the Arab League prevented Iraq’s attempted invasion of Kuwait.
- In 1973, Iraq successfully invaded Iraq but was driven out by Saudi Arabia.
- In 1980, the Iran-Iraq War broke out. For the first two years, Kuwait remained neutral. After two years, out of fear, Kuwait financially supported Iraq.
- By the end of the Iran-Iraq War, Iraq asked for loan forgiveness due to its inability to repay Kuwait. Iraq asserted that Kuwait also benefited the war. Despite having several meetings, the countries failed to reach an agreement.
- To pay off debt, Iraq’s oil minister suggested increasing the price of oil, but this was just as Kuwait began to produce more oil, making it impossible for Iraq to increase prices. Despite, Iraq’s warning, Kuwait refused to slow down its production of oil. Iraq viewed the rejection as an act of aggression.
- Hours after the Iraqi invasion, Kuwaiti leaders sought refuge in Saudi Arabia. Iraq established a provisional government in Kuwait City.
- According to estimates, about 1,000 Kuwaiti civilians were killed during the Iraqi occupation.
- In response to the invasion, the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) ordered Iraq to withdraw, which was later ignored. As a result, the UNSC enacted an international trade ban with Iraq after four days.
- By August 9, 1990, American forces were deployed to the Persian Gulf under Operation Desert Shield. Hussein responded by increasing his troops in Kuwait to 300,000.
- The UNSC demanded Iraq withdraw until November 29, or a resolution would be passed enabling use of force against Iraq.
CODENAME DESERT STORM
- US President George H.W. Bush led Operation Desert Storm on January 17, 1991, with the support of the government of Britain, the Soviet Union, other NATO allies, and Arab nations.
- Stealth bombers, cruise missiles, and night bombing equipment were deployed.
- On February 24, 1991, the Allied troops began the ground war. After 100 hours of battle, Kuwait was liberated along with its borders to Saudi Arabia. A ceasefire followed in fear of chemical weapons from Iraq. President Bush led the coalition in containing the battlegrounds.
- After 42 days of air and ground strike, President Bush declared a ceasefire on February 28.
- The first Persian Gulf War concluded with thousands of Iraqi deaths and hundreds from the Allied troops. It marked the advancement in technological warfare including fighter jet planes and battle tanks.
- Saddam Hussein ruled Iraq from Baghdad as he negotiated the ceasefire. The following years were not as peaceful as expected. Saddam was re-elected as president in 1995 with 100% votes. The country was sanctioned by the United Nations and prohibited to engage in oil exportation, development of biochemical weapons, and the “no fly zone” policy.
Operation Desert Storm Worksheets
This is a fantastic bundle which includes everything you need to know about the Operation Desert Storm across 19 in-depth pages. These are ready-to-use Operation Desert Storm worksheets that are perfect for teaching students about the Operation Desert Storm which was a 42-day, US-led air offensive against Saddam Hussein after his invasion of Kuwait. The United States was supported by the UN Security Council and by NATO allies.
Complete List Of Included Worksheets
- Operation Desert Storm Facts
- GPS Mapping
- Infamous Hussein
- Three Reasons Why
- Famous Leaders
- Before the Desert Storm
- The United Nations
- Technology and Warfare
- World Wars
- Daily Post!
- Promoting Peace
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Link will appear as Operation Desert Storm Facts & Worksheets: https://kidskonnect.com - KidsKonnect, May 5, 2017
Use With Any Curriculum
These worksheets have been specifically designed for use with any international curriculum. You can use these worksheets as-is, or edit them using Google Slides to make them more specific to your own student ability levels and curriculum standards.