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The Spanish-American War of 1898 was a military clash between the United States and Spain. It ended the Spanish colonial rule in the Americas and resulted in the United States’ acquisition of territories in the western Pacific and Latin America. See below for more fascinating facts about the war or download the comprehensive worksheet pack which can be utilised within the classroom or home environment.
- The Spanish-American war originated in the Cuban struggle for independence from Spain, which began in February 1895. U.S. President McKinley, aware of the conflict in Cuba, wanted to end the revolt peacefully. He arranged to negotiate with Spain, which in return was rejected by the latter.
- Spain’s repressive measures to halt the rebellion were graphically portrayed in the U.S. by several sensational newspapers, such as publishers Joseph Pulitzer and William Randolph Hearst, which used yellow journalism to call for war by arousing sympathy from the Americans.
- On February 15, 1898, the USS Maine (which had been sent to protect U.S. citizens and property after anti-Spanish rioting in Havana) exploded in the harbor, killing 266 American Sailors.
- Spain announced a truce on April 9, 1898, by promising to grant Cuba limited powers of self-government. However, the U.S. Congress soon issued resolutions declaring Cuba’s right to independence and even demanded Spain to withdraw its armed forces from the island.
- Political pressures pushed the administration of President William McKinley into a war that he had wished to avoid. On April 24, 1898, Spain declared war on the United States, followed by a U.S. declaration of war on the 25th.
- The first battle of the war happened on May 1, 1898, in Manila Bay. George Dewey led a U.S. naval squadron into Manila Bay in the Philippines (a Spanish Colony in Southeast Asia), and destroyed the anchored Spanish fleet. Only seven American seamen were wounded. By August, Manila itself was occupied by U.S. troops.
- In Cuba, Admiral Pascual Cervera led the Spanish Caribbean fleet located in Santiago harbor. Gen. William Shafter, including Theodore Roosevelt, Assistant Secretary of the Navy, and his 1st Volunteer Cavalry (the “Rough Riders”) landed on the coast east of Santiago and slowly advanced on the city to force Cervera’s fleet out of the harbor. By July 3rd, Cervera led his squad out of Santiago and tried to escape westward along the coast.
- By July 17, Santiago surrendered to Shafter when his ships came under heavy fire from U.S. guns and were beached, burned or sunk. This officially ended the war.
- On Dec. 10, 1898, the Treaty of Paris was signed. It signified Spain’s renunciation of all claims to Cuba, ceded Guam and Puerto Rico to the United States, and transferred sovereignty over the Philippines to the United States for $20,000,000. This was the start of the United States’ involvement in international politics.
Spanish-American War Worksheets
This bundle contains 11 ready-to-use Spanish-American War Worksheets that are perfect for students who want to learn more about The Spanish-American War of 1898 which was a military clash between the United States and Spain. It ended the Spanish colonial rule in the Americas and resulted in the United States’ acquisition of territories in the western Pacific and Latin America.
Download includes the following worksheets:
- Spanish-American War Facts
- Spanish-American War Word Search
- Is it True?
- Plot It!
- Historical Ladder
- Point of View
- Sequencing Events
- The Treaty of Paris
- What If…
- Poster Making
- What Now?
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Link will appear as Spanish-American War Facts & Worksheets: https://kidskonnect.com - KidsKonnect, April 9, 2017
Use With Any Curriculum
These worksheets have been specifically designed for use with any international curriculum. You can use these worksheets as-is, or edit them using Google Slides to make them more specific to your own student ability levels and curriculum standards.