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Hudson Bay is a body of salt water located in the northeastern part of Canada.
See the fact file below for more information on the Hudson Bay or alternatively, you can download our 23-page Hudson Bay worksheet pack to utilise within the classroom or home environment.
Key Facts & Information
- Hudson Bay is bounded to the north and west by the Nunavut territory, to the south by Manitoba and Ontario, and to the east by Quebec.
- Hudson Bay is connected to the Atlantic Ocean through the Hudson Strait in the northeastern part.
- Hudson Bay is also connected to the Arctic Ocean via the Foxe Channel to the northern part.
- Hudson Bay got its name from Henry Hudson, an Englishman who was sailing around the area in 1610.
- In 1612, the east coast of Hudson Bay was properly mapped.
- In 1631, the south coast was mapped.
- The International Hydrographic Organization defines the northern boundary of Hudson Bay as follows:
- A line from Nuvuk Point (62°21′N 78°06′W) to Leyson Point, the Southeastern extreme of Southampton Island, through the Southern and Western shores of Southampton Island to its Northern extremity, thence a line to Beach Point (66°03′N 86°06′W) on the Mainland.
- The salinity level of the waters of Hudson Bay is lower than that of ocean water.
- Due to the lower salinity level, the freezing point of the water in Hudson Bay is higher than normal, which means that the time Hudson Bay is ice-free is shorter.
- The western shores of Hudson Bay are known as the Hudson Bay Lowlands.
- Hudson Bay would be considered the largest bay in the world if it were measured by shoreline.
- Hudson Bay occupies a large structural basin which is known as the Hudson Bay basin, which is located within the Canadian Shield.
- According to explorations conducted and research done, Hudson Bay is mostly filled with Ordovician limestone, Devonian limestone, dolomites, evaporites, black shale, quartz sandstone, and conglomerates.
- A large quantity of dissolved nutrient salts can be found in Hudson Bay.
- The large quantity of dissolved nutrient salts is due to the unicellular algae that grow fast in the illuminated upper layers of the bay.
- Hudson Bay is home to small, shrimp-like crustaceans which occupy the open waters and serve as the food source for mollusks, sea urchins, starfish, worms, and other invertebrates living in the bottom part of the bay.
- Fish that can be found in Hudson Bay include polar plaice, cod, halibut, and salmon.
- There are also seals that inhabit the areas around the openings in the ice. These seals include ringed, bearded, and Greenland seals.
- Walrus, dolphins, and killer whales can also be found in the northern part of the bay.
- On the coasts and islands of Hudson Bay, there are species of birds that gather around which include ducks, gulls, eiders, loons, snow geese, swans, sandpipers, snow owls, and crows.
- Other herbivorous animals can also be found along Hudson Bay which include caribou, musk oxen, and rodents.
- The coasts of Hudson Bay are composed of communities, some of them founded as trading posts back in the 17th and 18th centuries, which makes them some of the oldest communities in Western Canada.
- These communities include Arviat, Chesterfield Inlet, Coral Harbour, Rankin Inlet, Sanikiluaq, and Whale Cove in Nunavut; Churchill in Manitoba; Fort Severn First Nation in Ontario; and Akulivik, Inukjuak, Kuujjuarapik, Puvirnituq, Umiujaq, and Whapmagoostui in Quebec.
- There are several ports in Hudson Bay; the biggest port is a privately-owned port on Hudson Bay, the Port of Churchill, which is located in Churchill, Manitoba, Canada.
- Hudson Bay is home to several islands. These include Ottawa Islands and the Belcher Islands.
- Hudson Bay is fed by the Kazan River, the Thelon River, the Dubawnt River, the Hayes River, the Nelson River, the Churchill River, the Winisk River, and the Severn River, among many others.
- Hudson Bay is considered the second largest bay in the world next to the Bay of Bengal.
- Hudson Bay is the summer home to thousands of beluga whales.
- The oldest corporation in North America, The Hudson Bay Company (HBC), which was founded in 1670 was named after Hudson Bay. This corporation is famous for starting the fur trade in Canada.
- There are only roughly 12 villages along the shores of Hudson Bay.
- The water along the shoreline of Churchill is not considered to be part of Manitoba, but part of Nunavut.
Hudson Bay Worksheets
This is a fantastic bundle which includes everything you need to know about the Hudson Bay across 23 in-depth pages. These are ready-to-use Hudson Bay worksheets that are perfect for teaching students about the Hudson Bay which is a body of salt water located in the northeastern part of Canada.
Complete List Of Included Worksheets
- Hudson Bay Facts
- More Facts
- Beluga Whales
- Mix N Match
- Fed By?
- Land Masses
- Create a Poem
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Link will appear as Hudson Bay Facts & Worksheets: https://kidskonnect.com - KidsKonnect, July 27, 2020
Use With Any Curriculum
These worksheets have been specifically designed for use with any international curriculum. You can use these worksheets as-is, or edit them using Google Slides to make them more specific to your own student ability levels and curriculum standards.