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Nanjing is the capital of China’s eastern Jiangsu province. It is roughly 300 km up the Yangtze River from the city of Shanghai. It was the national capital during part of the Ming dynasty. Many monuments and landmarks remain, including Zhonghua Gate (Gate of China), a preserved 14th-century section of the massive wall that contained the old city’s southern entrance.
See the fact file below for more information on the Nanjing or alternatively, you can download our 19-page Nanjing worksheet pack to utilise within the classroom or home environment.
Key Facts & Information
- The city has a number of other names, and some historical names are now used as names of districts of the city; among them are the names Jiangning and Kiangning, which are short terms of Nanjing.
- The city first became a Chinese national capital as early as the Jin dynasty. The name Nanjing, which means “Southern Capital,” was officially designated for the city during the Ming dynasty, about six hundred years later.
- Nanjing is particularly known as Jinling or Ginling (“Gold Hill”) and the old name has been used since the Warring States period in the Zhou dynasty.
CLIMATE AND ENVIRONMENT
- Nanjing has a humid, subtropical climate and is under the influence of the East Asian monsoon. The four seasons are distinct, with very hot and muggy summers, cold and damp winters, and spring and autumn of reasonable length.
- Along with Chongqing and Wuhan, Nanjing is traditionally referred to as one of the “Three Furnacelike Cities” along the Yangtze River for the perennially high temperatures in the summertime.
- Nanjing is endowed with rich natural resources, which include more than 40 kinds of minerals. Among them, iron and sulfur reserves make up 40 percent of those of Jiangsu province.
- At the time of the 2010 census, the total population of the city of Nanjing was 8.005 million. Official statistics in 2011 estimated the city’s population to be 8.11 million. The birth rate was 8.86 percent and the death rate was 6.88 percent. The urban area had a population of 6.47 million people. The sex ratio of the city population was 107.31 males to 100 females.
- Most of eastern China’s official ethnic makeup of Nanjing is predominantly Han nationality (98.56 percent), with 50 other official ethnic groups. In 1999, 77,394 residents belonged to officially defined minorities, among which the vast majority (64,832) were Hui, contributing 83.76 percent to the minority population. The second and third largest minority groups were Manchu (2,311) and Zhuang.
FOOD AND SYMBOLISM
- Many of the city’s local favorite dishes are based on ducks, including Nanjing salted duck, duck blood and vermicelli soup, and duck oil pancake.
- The radish is also a typical food representing people of Nanjing, which has been spread through word of mouth as an interesting fact for many years in China.
- There is a long history of growing radishes in Nanjing. In the spring, the radish tastes very juicy and sweet. It is well-known that people in Nanjing like eating radishes. And the people are even addressed as ‘Nanjing big radish,’ which means they are unsophisticated, passionate, and conservative.
PLACES AND ATTRACTIONS
- The Yangtze River (Changjiang), over 6,300 kilometers long, is the largest and longest river in China, and the third-longest river in the world.
- The source of the Yangtze River lies to the southwest of Geladandong Mountain, the principal peak of the Tanggula Mountain chain in the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau, southwest of China. With plenty of rainfall all year round, the Yangtze River is named the golden watercourse.
- The Porcelain Tower of Nanjing, part of the former Great Bao’en Temple, is a historical site located on the south bank of external Qinhuai River in Nanjing, China.
- It was a pagoda constructed in the 15th century during the Ming dynasty. A modern life size replica of it now exists in Nanjing.
- The Jiming temple is a very renowned Buddhist temple in Nanjing, a place of harmony and serenity. It was built along a hillock in the Ming Dynasty in 1387. The merging of the incense smell together with the calm and relaxing ambience and the bright yellow-orange color create a nice atmosphere.
- The Nanjing Science and Technology Museum is located in Ningnan New Area, Yuhuatai District, covering a floor space of 300,000 square meters. It includes the main building, special cinemas, and a beautiful park. It’s a modern museum that integrates science and technology with humanities, arts, and tourism.
- Purple Mountain covers an area of 3100 hectares with the highest peak 448 meters above sea level. It is a green oasis of hills, trees, forests, hiking and cycling paths with many scattered temples, relics, and mausoleums. It does need at least a whole day visit. The mountain is also called Zijin Mountain.
This is a fantastic bundle which includes everything you need to know about the Nanjing across 19 in-depth pages. These are ready-to-use Nanjing worksheets that are perfect for teaching students about the Nanjing which is the capital of China’s eastern Jiangsu province. It is roughly 300 km up the Yangtze River from the city of Shanghai. It was the national capital during part of the Ming dynasty. Many monuments and landmarks remain, including Zhonghua Gate (Gate of China), a preserved 14th-century section of the massive wall that contained the old city’s southern entrance.
Complete List Of Included Worksheets
- Nanjing, China Facts
- Nanjing’s Profile
- Info Completed
- Modes of Transpo
- Jumble Letter
- Search for Fame
- Food Collage
- Tour Guide
- Word Bank
- A Song, A Poem
- Breaking News
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Link will appear as Nanjing Facts & Worksheets: https://kidskonnect.com - KidsKonnect, November 21, 2019
Use With Any Curriculum
These worksheets have been specifically designed for use with any international curriculum. You can use these worksheets as-is, or edit them using Google Slides to make them more specific to your own student ability levels and curriculum standards.