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The foremost industrial center of Latin America is São Paulo city, located in southeastern Brazil, the capital of São Paulo estado (state). São Paulo’s name comes from the Jesuit missionaries, who named the city after the conversion of St. Paul.
See the fact file below for more information on the Sao Paulo or alternatively, you can download our 27-page Sao Paulo worksheet pack to utilise within the classroom or home environment.
Key Facts & Information
- The city stands on top of the plateau of the Brazilian Highlands. It rises aligned with the Great Escarpment mountains.
- The city is located near the Atlantic Ocean and extends inland from Serra do Mar, another mountain range in Brazil.
- It is around 220 miles (350 km) southwest of Rio de Janeiro.
- São Paulo is known for its immense size, dynamism, and drive.
- It is known for being the locomotive that “pulled the rest of Brazil” as it transformed into a mega-metropolis.
- Its inhabitants, or Paulistanos, refer to their city as “Sampa”.
- Primarily, the city is known to be a place for work. People also choose to live in and enjoy the city as well, as it offers educational advantages and cultural facilities. The city draws in many people, especially those who come from rural areas seeking job opportunities.
- São Paulo is Brazil’s richest city. There seems to be a wider gap between the poor and the middle class.
- The city is a leading center for libraries, publishing houses, and theaters.
- Given that São Paulo is located on an elevated plateau, it experiences a temperate climate.
- In its coldest month (July), the average temperature is around 58°F and there is sometimes frost.
- On the other hand, during its warmest month (February), the average temperature is around 69°F.
- The city experiences rainfall throughout the year but mostly during the summer season or October through March.
- With the humidity and air pollution that surrounds the city, mist is formed and hangs over the city.
FLAG OF SAO PAULO
- The flag has thirteen stripes that alternate between black and white. These represent the days and nights that the bandeirantes fought for the good of the state.
- The canton has a red rectangle on the upper left corner. This represents the blood shed by the bandeirantes.
- The white circle has an outline of Brazil in blue, the color of strength, which the bandeirantes brought to the state.
- There is one yellow star in each corner of the rectangle.
- Catedral da Se (Metropolitan Cathedral) → This is a major landmark of the city. It holds up to 8000 worshippers and is also often visited by lovers of architecture.
- Edifico Copan → This apartment building contains a range of restaurants, shops, a church, hairdresser’s, etc.
- Edifico Italia → Construction of this tall building was completed in 1965 and it is where the Terraco Italia restaurant is located.
- Faculdade de Direito (College of Law) → This is Brazil’s oldest educational institution founded back in 1827. The architecture reflects that period with stone columns, detailed carvings, and grand balconies.
- Sao Bento Monastery → This monastery attracts crowds every Sunday to take part in Gregorian chants along with fellow worshipers. It was built in 1650.
- In 1554, two Portuguese Jesuit priests came to Sao Paulo and founded a mission and school, the Patio de Colegio. The priests were named Manuel da Nobrega and Jose de Ancieta.
- In 1560, Sao Paulo became a township and created a town council that had the power to make and enforce laws.
- The growth of the community was slow and it only had around 300 inhabitants by the end of the 16th century. The inhabitants were called Paulistanos or Paulistas.
- In the 17th century, Sao Paulo became a base for explorers into the hinterlands called bandeiras. They established Brazil’s claim to the South American interior, beyond the line between Portuguese and Spanish possession in the Americas that had been laid down in the Treaty of Tordesillas (1494).
- Sao Paulo became a city in 1711 but remained an agrarian town. It was yet to attain noteworthy prosperity.
- Brazil was declared independent by the Portuguese regent Dom Pedro (Pedro I) on September 7, 1822 on the plain of Ipiranga.
- By 1840, Sao Paulo had 20,000 inhabitants. It continued to gain significant contributions and in 1875, a colonial center became linked to the street (now called Republic Square). It started to become modernized with brick houses being built, and gas street lamps and horse-drawn streetcars being used.
ECONOMY AND GOVERNMENT
- Sao Paulo is considered one of the world’s largest diversified economic centers. It is a leading city in banking and finance, commerce, and global trade. Its gross domestic product (GDP) is higher than some countries’.
- The city is divided into subprefectures and each is led by a prefeito (mayor). Each prefeito serves for four years and elections occur every two years. They are viewed as significant politically.
- The governor of Sao Paulo is considered the second most important elected official next to the president.
- The governor and mayor are elected in alternate, even-numbered years. They often compete against each other and are considered political rivals.
Sao Paulo Worksheets
This is a fantastic bundle which includes everything you need to know about the Sao Paulo across 27 in-depth pages. These are ready-to-use Sao Paulo worksheets that are perfect for teaching students about the São Paulo city, located in southeastern Brazil, the capital of São Paulo estado (state). São Paulo’s name comes from the Jesuit missionaries, who named the city after the conversion of St. Paul.
Complete List Of Included Worksheets
- Sao Paulo Fact File
- Map It Out
- Illustrate Geography
- Weather Report
- Tour Time
- Let’s Travel!
- History Lesson
- Wave Your Flag
- Blast From the Past
- Government Talk
- We Built This City
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Link will appear as Sao Paulo Facts & Worksheets: https://kidskonnect.com - KidsKonnect, December 4, 2020
Use With Any Curriculum
These worksheets have been specifically designed for use with any international curriculum. You can use these worksheets as-is, or edit them using Google Slides to make them more specific to your own student ability levels and curriculum standards.