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Shenyang, formerly known as Fengtian or by its Manchu name Mukden, is a major sub-provincial city and the provincial capital of Liaoning province, People’s Republic of China. Shenyang is located in northern-central part of Liaoning, it is the province’s most populous city as well as the largest city in Northeast China by urban population.
See the fact file below for more information on the Shenyang or alternatively, you can download our 22-page Shenyang worksheet pack to utilise within the classroom or home environment.
Key Facts & Information
- Shenyang was first used by the Manchu people as their capital in the 17th century. Today, it is the biggest city in the Northeast.
- Shenyang is the transport and commercial hub of China’s northeast–particularly with Japan, Russia, and Korea.
- Shenyang is the railway hub of northeast China. Eight railways connect Shenyang with Beijing, Dalian, Changchun, Harbin, and Fushun.
- Shenyang’s name, which means “the city to the north of Shen River,” comes from the Hun River on the city’s south side, which used to be called the Shen River.
- People started living there 7,200 years ago.
- The Shenyang’s history started its golden era during the reign of the Manchus, in the early 1600s. It is when General Nurhaci defeated the ruling Ming Dynasty, and tipped the city as the capital of a new China.
- At that time, however, the city was largely known as Mukden, which is still remains the present day Manchu name for Shenyang.
- Nurhaci built the Shenyang Imperial Palace in 1625. Fashioned after Beijing’s Forbidden Palace, which today is part of a UNESCO World Heritage site.
- In 1644, the ruling party moved its administration to Beijing, transforming itself into the Qing Dynasty that ruled China until 1911.
- The First Sino-Japanese War of 1894 and 1895 saw China lose much of its territory in the Liaoning province, and forced it to concede control of nearby Dalian and Port Arthur to the Japanese.
- Russia was also very interested in the coastal city of Dalian as an ice-free winter port. It signed a deal with China in 1898 that allowed for a 25-year Russian lease on Dalian. However, Russian control came to an end in 1905 when Russia was defeated in the Russo-Japanese War.
- The Russo-Japanese War of 1904 and 1905 put Mukden as the site of the Battle of Mukden that brought victory to the Japanese, who in turn took control of Shenyang and turned it into one of its main bases for economic expansion into southern Manchuria.
- During this period, Shenyang enjoyed a lot of development such as being connected to other parts of China by rail and its port thrived that turns it into one of Asia’s biggest manufacturing centres.
- Japan was largely responsible for creating the industrial city of Shenyang that exists today, but in 1945, it lost control of everything in the wake of WWII. Soviet forces were the first to move in, but were quickly replaced by Chinese forces with the backing of the United States.
- During the Chinese Civil War (1927 to 1949 / 1950), Shenyang was one of the Kuomintang’s main bases of operations between 1946 and 1948.
- When the Communist forces captured the city in 1948, the city finally ended its see-saw of foreign occupation. It has continued, over the decades, to grow into one of China’s main industrial hubs.
- Shenyang is located in the center of the Liaoning province.The total area of the city is 12,980 square kilometers, with 205 kilometers from south to north and 115 kilometers from east to west. It has a northern temperate continental climate that has four seasons which are summer, spring, fall, and winter.
- Shenyang has a smooth terrain with underground resources and fertile soil. The city is also near sources of iron, steel, and coal. It is one one china’s chief industrial centers.
- Shenyang is both one of Chinese megalopolises and the important industrial bases, and the center of economy, culture, science and Technology, trade, finance, and transportation.
- Shenyang has been focused on heavy industry, particularly aerospace, machine tools, heavy equipment and defence, and recently on software, automotive, and electronics.
- The services sector, especially banking, has been developing in Shenyang, which hosted a total of 1,063 banks and bank branches and 144 insurance-related companies.
- The city has been identified by the Economist Intelligence Unit in the November 2010 Access China White Paper as a member of the CHAMPS (Chongqing, Hefei, Anshan, Maanshan, Pingdingshan and Shenyang), an economic profile of the top 20 emerging cities in China.
CULTURE AND RELIGION
- Shenyang is famous for its football tradition. The famous local football club is the Liaoning F.C.
- Shenyang Olympic Sports Center Stadium, a 60,000-seated soccer stadium, was a venue for the football preliminary of 2008 Summer Olympics.
- Native people speak the Shenyang dialect, a variant of Northeastern Mandarin.
- Shenyang is home of many performance art organizations, such as Shenyang Acrobatic Troupe of China, Liaoning Song and Dance Ensemble, and Liaoning Ballet. Many artists are from Shenyang, such as Zimei, Na Ying, and the pianist Lang Lang.
- Shenyang does not ban any religions, but are still a bit strict about which religions are allowed to be followed. In Shenyang, only Buddhist, Taoist, Roman Catholic, Muslim, and Protestant people were allowed to hold religious ceremonies or worship services.
- The Mukden Palace, or Shenyang Imperial Palace, was the former imperial palace of the early Manchu-led Qing dynasty. It was built in 1625, and the first three Qing emperors lived there from 1625 to 1644.
- The Fuling or Fu Mausoleum is the mausoleum of Nurhaci, the founding emperor of the Qing dynasty and his wife, Empress Xiao Ci Gao. It served as the main site for ritual ceremonies conducted by the imperial family during the entire Qing dynasty.
- Qipan Mountain: a recreation resort in Shenbei New District, northeast of Shenyang.
- Beiling Park and North Mausoleum: the tomb of the second Qing emperor, Huang Taiji. The park covers an area of 3,300,000 square metres (36,000,000 square feet), and is serviced by trams for visitors who do not wish to (or cannot) traverse the length of the park. It is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
- Strange Slope: an 80 m (87 yd)-long, 25 m (82 ft)-wide slope on the western side of Mao Mountain in Shenbei District, famous for the unexplained phenomenon of vehicles seemingly able to move uphill unpowered.
- Meteorite Mountain Forest Park: The biggest meteorite lies on the Huashitai Mountain of Lixiang County. It is the oldest meteorite in the world which was formed 4.5 billion years ago and fell to the Earth 1.9 billion years ago.
This is a fantastic bundle which includes everything you need to know about the Shenyang across 22 in-depth pages. These are ready-to-use Shenyang worksheets that are perfect for teaching students about the Shenyang, formerly known as Fengtian or by its Manchu name Mukden, which is a major sub-provincial city and the provincial capital of Liaoning province, People’s Republic of China. Shenyang is located in northern-central part of Liaoning, it is the province’s most populous city as well as the largest city in Northeast China by urban population.
Complete List Of Included Worksheets
- Shenyang, China Facts
- Shenyang FB Page
- Shenyang’s Timeline
- Economy of Shenyang
- Shenyang Info
- Religious Beliefs
- Word Completion
- Scenic Places
- Current Shenyang
- My Own Empire
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Link will appear as Shenyang Facts & Worksheets: https://kidskonnect.com - KidsKonnect, January 31, 2020
Use With Any Curriculum
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