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Table of Contents
The southernmost island and country in the Caribbean region, popular for being rich in fossil fuels, is the island country of Trinidad & Tobago, officially known as the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago.
See the fact file below for more information on the Trinidad & Tobago or alternatively, you can download our 26-page Trinidad & Tobago worksheet pack to utilise within the classroom or home environment.
Key Facts & Information
- The motto of Trinidad and Tobago is “Together We Aspire, Together We Achieve.”
- The national flag of Trinidad and Tobago was designed using the colors red, black, and white.
- Also known as the Sun-Sea-Sand banner.
- Red symbolizes fire or the sun, to represent courage.
- Black represents the earth, which means dedication.
- White means water, for purity and equality.
- The flag was adopted on August 31, 1962, upon the independence of Trinidad and Tobago from the United Kingdom.
- The flag was designed by Carlisle Chang, and was chosen by the independence committee of 1962.
- The capital city of Trinidad and Tobago is the Port of Spain, officially known as the City of Port of Spain.
- Port of Spain is the second largest city in Trinidad and Tobago, with an area of 12 km².
- It has been the capital of the island since 1757.
- Port of Spain serves as the retail and administrative center of Trinidad and Tobago.
- The largest city in Trinidad and Tobago is Chaguanas or the Borough of Chaguanas.
- The official language in Trinidad and Tobago is English.
- Trinidad and Tobago is governed as a Unitary, Parliamentary, Constitutional Republic.
- Trinidad and Tobago is made up of two major islands: Trinidad and Tobago.
- Trinidad and Tobago lies 130 kilometers south of Grenada, and 11 kilometers northeast of Venezuela.
- Trinidad and Tobago’s maritime border is shared with Barbados to the northeast, Grenada to the northwest, Guyana to the southeast, and Venezuela to the south and west.
- Trinidad and Tobago has a total area of 5,131 km².
ETYMOLOGY AND TOPONYMY
- Trinidad’s Amerindian name was Cairi which means “Land of the Hummingbird” according to Historian E.L. Joseph.
- Other historians refuted and claimed that Cairi simply means island.
- Christopher Columbus renamed the island into “La Isla de La Trinidad” or “The Island of Trinity” before his third voyage.
- The island of Tobago has a shape resembling a cigar.
- It might also be because of the inhabitants’ use of tobacco that gave the island a Spanish name.
- In a 2019 estimate, Trinidad and Tobago had a population of 1,363,985.
- Trinidad and Tobago has a population density of 264/km².
- The ethnic groups inhabiting Trinidad and Tobago are Indians, Africans, mixed races, Chinese, Indigenous Amerindians, Arabs, and other and undeclared ethnic groups.
- The majority of the population of Trinidad and Tobago are Christians; other citizens are Hindu, Spiritual Baptists, Muslims, Bahá’í, Orisha-Shango, and, Rastafarian.
- The first settlers of Trinidad and Tobago were agricultural Archaic people around 7,000 years ago.
- Trinidad and Tobago was the earliest settled country in the Caribbean.
- Trinidad and Tobago’s original settlers were the Amerindian people from South America.
- On his third voyage to the Americas in 1498, Christopher Columbus was the first to see and land on the island of Trinidad.
- Columbus also reported seeing Tobago and named it Bellaforma.
- Trinidad and Tobago was colonized by Spain in 1530.
- In 1797, Don José Mariá Chacón surrendered Trinidad to the British Fleet.
- Tobago changed rulers among Spanish, British, French, and Dutch, and Courlander colonizers during this period.
- In 1802, Trinidad and Tobago ceded to Britain as separate states under the Treaty of Amiens.
- In 1889, Trinidad and Tobago were unified.
- Trinidad and Tobago became independent on August 31, 1962.
- Trinidad and Tobago became a republic on August 1, 1976.
- The culture of Trinidad and Tobago is a combination of Indian, African, Creole, Chinese, Amerindian, Arab, Latino, and European influences.
- Two Nobel Prize-winning authors are from Trinidad and Tobago, they are V.D. Naipaul and Derek Walcott, founder of the Trinidad theater workshop.
- An example of a renowned designer from Trinidad and Tobago is Peter Minshall, who is known for his Carnival costumes.
- Trinidad and Tobago is the original place of calypso music, a style of Afro Caribbean music.
- The steel pan is a musical instrument that originated from Trinidad and Tobago.
- Trinidad and Tobago is also the place where soca music, chutney music, chutney-soca, parang, rapso, pichakaree, and chutney parang music originated.
- Limbo is a dance that originated from Trinidad and Tobago, originally performed at wakes.
- Jazz, Ballroom, Ballet, Modern, and Salsa are also popular dances in Trinidad and Tobago, as well as Indian dance forms including Kathak, Odissi, and Bharatanatyam.
- The most popular sport in Trinidad and Tobago is cricket. It is often referred to as the national sport.
- Other popular sports in Trinidad and Tobago are football and basketball.
- The Trinidad and Tobago cuisine consists of a fusion of African, Creole, Indian-South Asian, Chinese, Amerindian, Arab, European, and Latin American-Spanish-Portuguese cuisine.
- Aripo Main Cave — the biggest cave system in Trinidad and Tobago, found in Tunapuna-Piarco. The cave system is 862 meters long.
- Cumaca Caves — a cave that has a length of 215-225 meters where 500 oilbird colonies are found.
- London Bridge at Little Tobago — a natural arch found in Tobago.
- Maracas Falls — one of the tallest falls found in Trinidad and Tobago with an 83 meters plunge.
- National Museum and Art Gallery — a museum established in 1892 located in the City of Port of Spain.
Trinidad & Tobago Worksheets
This is a fantastic bundle which includes everything you need to know about the Trinidad & Tobago across 26 in-depth pages. These are ready-to-use Trinidad & Tobago worksheets that are perfect for teaching students about the southernmost island and country in the Caribbean region, popular for being rich in fossil fuels, which is the island country of Trinidad and Tobago, officially known as the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago.
Complete List Of Included Worksheets
- Trinidad & Tobago Facts
- Caribbean Past
- Identify the Name!
- Cities of Trinidad & Tobago
- Color the Truth
- Trinidadian Culture
- Influences Checklist
- Caption It!
- Caribbean Cuisine
- Ideal Itinerary
- My Island Poem
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Link will appear as Trinidad & Tobago Facts & Worksheets: https://kidskonnect.com - KidsKonnect, September 15, 2020
Use With Any Curriculum
These worksheets have been specifically designed for use with any international curriculum. You can use these worksheets as-is, or edit them using Google Slides to make them more specific to your own student ability levels and curriculum standards.