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Zhengzhou is the capital and largest city of the Henan Province in the central part of the People’s Republic of China. Zhengzhou belongs to the National Central Cities in China, the center of the Central Plains area and serves as the political, economic, technological, and educational center of the province, as well as a major transportation hub in China (highway, railway, aviation, communication).
See the fact file below for more information on the Zhengzhou or alternatively, you can download our 21-page Zhengzhou worksheet pack to utilise within the classroom or home environment.
Key Facts & Information
- There are eight officially designated ancient cities in China and Zhengzhou city is one of them.
- The city lies on the southern bank of the Yellow River, and being a center of China’s national transportation network, there are railways connecting Zhengzhou and Europe, and a bustling international airport (Asia, Europe, Africa, America, Oceania).
- Zhengzhou is a National Civilized City, State-list Famous Historical and Culture City, and one of the birthplaces of Chinese Civilization, and the birthplace of the Yellow Emperor.
- Historically, Zhengzhou was the capital of China for a thousand years, five times.
- As early as 1950, archaeological finds have shown that there were Neolithic settlements in the area and that the Shang Bronze Age culture, which flourished there from about 1500 BCE, was centered on a walled city.
- Outside this city a complex of small settlements has been discovered, generally identified with the Shang capital of Ao who continually moved their capital, and left Ao, perhaps in the 13th century BCE.
- The site, nevertheless, remained occupied; Zhou (post-1050 BCE) tombs have also been discovered.
- Traditionally it is held that in the Western Zhou period (1111–771 BCE)
it became the fief of a family named Guan. From this derives the name
borne by the county since the late 6th century BCE—Guancheng (“City of the Guan”).
- The city first became the seat of a prefectural administration in 587 CE, when it was named Guanzhou.
- In 605 it was first called Zhengzhou—a name by which it has been known virtually ever since.
- The city achieved its greatest importance under the Sui (581–618 CE), Tang (618–907), and early Song (960–1127) dynasties.
- In 1903 the Beijing-Hankou railway arrived at Zhengzhou, and in 1909 the first stage of the Longhai Railway gave it an east-west link to Kaifeng and Luoyang; it was later extended eastward to the coast at Lianyungang, in Jiangsu province, and westward to Xi’an, in Shaanxi province, as well as to western Shaanxi.
- On June 10, 1938, Chiang Kai-shek’s National Revolutionary Army opened up the dikes retaining the Yellow River at Huayuankou between Zhengzhou and Kaifeng, in an effort to stem the tide of invading Japanese; however, the ensuing 1938 Yellow River flood also killed hundreds of thousands of Chinese.
- Zhengzhou also has a locomotive and rolling-stock repair plant, a tractor-assembly plant, and a thermal power-generating station. The city’s industrial growth has resulted in a large increase in population, primarily of industrial workers from the north.
- Zhengzhou is located just north of the Henan’s center and south of the Yellow River. Zhengzhou borders Luoyang to the west, Jiaozuo to the northwest, Xinxiang to the northeast, Kaifeng to the east, Xuchang to the southeast, and Pingdingshan to the southwest. It is geographically the central city of China.
- Zhengzhou is at the crossing point of the north–south route skirting the Taihang Mountains and the mountains of western Henan and the east–west route along the southern bank of the Yellow River.
- Zhengzhou experiences a humid subtropical climate and has four clearly-defined seasons, with cool and dry winters, hot and humid summers, warm and early springs, and mild autumns.
- Along with Xi’an, Chengdu, Chongqing and Wuhan, Zhengzhou is one of the most important cities in inland China. It is the economic center of the province and the surrounding areas such as southeastern Shanxi and southwestern Shandong.
- Zhengzhou’s main products include apples, paulownia, tobacco, maize, cotton, and wheat. In addition, Zhengzhou also produces Yellow River carp, Zhengzhou watermelons, Xinzheng jujube, Xingyang dried persimmons, Guangwu Pomegranate and Zhongmu garlic, all of which are specialties that are rarely found outside the region.
- Zhengzhou has been one of the major industrial cities in The People’s Republic of China since 1949. The city’s staple industry is textiles.
- Others manufactured items include tractors, locomotives, cigarettes, fertilizer, processed meats, agricultural machinery, and electrical equipment. Some high-tech companies in new material, electronics and biotechnology are also growing rapidly during the recently years, especially in the high-tech industrial park in the northwest of the city.
- The service industries of Zhengzhou include retail, wholesale, hospitality, finance, exhibition, transport and delivery, tourism, and education. With this, the city is becoming the financial center in central China.
- The Erqi Memorial Tower, or Erqi Tower, is located in the center of Zhengzhou city, Henan province, China. It was historically the tallest tower in the city, but not anymore.
- Shaolin Monastery is not only known as one of China’s most important Buddhist shrines, but also as the ancient center of Chinese Kung-fu. Shaolin Monastery and its famed Pagoda Forest were inscribed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2010.
- The Henan Museum is one of China’s most important museums and has a collection of more than 130,000 pieces of cultural relics including exhibitions from prehistoric times, including dinosaur fossils and prehistoric human remains, up through the modern eras.
- The Zhengdong New Area, which is home to some of the tallest skyscrapers in Zhengzhou, including the 280 meter (918.6 ft) tall Zhengzhou Greenland Plaza also known as the “Big Corn,” which is one of the most prominent landmarks in Zhengzhou, and the twin towers of Zhengzhou Greenland Central Plaza (285 metres (935.0 ft)), which are currently the tallest skyscrapers in the city.
- The Yellow Emperor, also known as the Yellow Thearch, or by his Chinese name Huangdi, is a deity (shen) in Chinese religion, one of the legendary Chinese sovereigns and culture heroes included among the mytho-historical Three Sovereigns, Five Emperors, and cosmological Five Forms of the Highest Deity.
This is a fantastic bundle which includes everything you need to know about the Zhengzhou across 21 in-depth pages. These are ready-to-use Zhengzhou worksheets that are perfect for teaching students about the Zhengzhou which is the capital and largest city of the Henan Province in the central part of the People’s Republic of China. Zhengzhou belongs to the National Central Cities in China, the center of the Central Plains area and serves as the political, economic, technological, and educational center of the province, as well as a major transportation hub in China (highway, railway, aviation, communication).
Complete List Of Included Worksheets
- Zhengzhou, China Facts
- Zhengzhou Profile Page
- Ancient Cities
- Timeline Box
- Zhengzhou Facts
- Major Inland Cities
- Economic Facts
- Travel Advice
- Essay For Zhengzhou
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Link will appear as Zhengzhou Facts & Worksheets: https://kidskonnect.com - KidsKonnect, February 20, 2020
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