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A unicorn is a mythical creature that is usually depicted as a majestic white horse with a single horn protruding from its head. Many legends say it has healing powers. It is also believed to symbolize purity and innocence. It is not proven that this animal actually exists, but various cultures have accounts of its physicality and abilities.
See the fact file below for more information on the unicorn or alternatively, you can download our 24-page Unicorn worksheet pack to utilise within the classroom or home environment.
Key Facts & Information
- We owe our knowledge of unicorns to the Ancient Greeks.
- They were the first to write about unicorns, not as part of their mythology, but of their historical accounts of nature.
- Greek historian Ctesias was the first to write about the unicorn.
- He described the creature as having blue eyes, a white body, a purple head with one one protruding in three colors. The horn was white at the base, black at the center, and red at the tip.
- He wrote that unicorns were fast and very difficult to capture.
- The Greeks believed that the creatures came from the Indus Valley civilization.
- Unicorn symbols were used as seals on clay tablets in 3000 B.C.
- They were also used as heraldic symbols in the Babylonian and Assyrian civilizations.
- The first drawn image of a unicorn was discovered in France.
- It is called the Lascaux unicorn because it was found in the Lascaux Caves.
- However, it has been found out that the Lascaux unicorn actually had two horns illustrated, just close to each other.
- Those are not the only cave drawings of unicorns found. Depictions had also been found in South African and South American caves.
- Roman author and natural philosopher, Pliny the Elder, described a unicorn as fierce, one-horned, and a “monoceros”.
- During the 6th century, Greek merchant Cosmas Indicopleustes noted that the power of the unicorn is in its horn.
- In the Middle Ages, books called bestiaries contained information about various animals’ biological descriptions and medicinal properties. Unicorns were part of those records.
- In those times, unicorns were seen as symbols of innocence and purity.
- In the Old Testament of the King James version of the Bible, the unicorn was mentioned nine times as a result of mistranslating the Hebrew word re’em, which should have been a wild ox.
- In the 1400s, under King James III, two gold coins were known as the unicorn and the half-unicorn.
- In the 17th century, Spanish archbishop Isidore of Seville said that virgins can tame and catch unicorns by baring their breasts to it. The unicorn will then lay its head on the virgin’s lap.
- Unicorn horns are known as alicorns.
- The protruding tusk from a narwhal’s head looks like a unicorn horn. The tusk can grow up to 10 feet long.
- Narwhal tusks were being sold as unicorn horns, which threatened narwhal populations.
- The price of narwhal horns was so high that it amounted to 10 times the value of their weight in gold.
- Merchants from Germany sold one to the pope for about what is now equivalent to 18,000 pounds.
- In Denmark, a throne made of narwhal horns was created.
- In England, Queen Elizabeth I spent what is now equivalent to $6 million to make a scepter out of narwhal horns.
- During the mid-1700s, powdered unicorn horns were being sold in London pharmacies as a medicinal potion to cure aches, pains, and other illnesses.
- In Harry Potter, a reference was made to unicorn blood as having healing powers.
- Legend has it that unicorns are an antidote to poison. They can also purify unclean water.
- Unicorns do not have wings.
- Records from Europe depict them as pure white animals but now they’re more commonly known to be a beautiful mix of pastel colors such as blue, purple, and pink.
- Jewish legends say that unicorns are strong enough to kill elephants.
- It is believed that unicorns bring good fortune.
- They can use their horn to pierce the heart of a liar.
- The Siberian rhinoceros was once considered a one-horned Siberian unicorn. But it became extinct around 26,000 years ago.
- Marco Polo mistook a rhinoceros for a unicorn and was very appalled by them.
- Julius Caesar also claimed to have seen a unicorn in a forest in Germany.
- Genghis Khan pulled his army back from conquering India because his deceased father sent a sign in the form of a unicorn that knelt down in front of him.
- Pheasants are known to tame unicorns.
- Labradors, on the other hand, scare unicorns.
- It is possible to go unicorn hunting in Lake Superior State University in Sault Ste. Marie, Michigan. They issue a “Unicorn Hunting License” that is good for a lifetime. They’ve been issuing these permits since 1971. They advise people to bring pinking shears and a flask of cognac.
- In the 1980s, surgery was done to transplant goats’ horns onto horses to make unicorns. A US patent was granted for that procedure.
- The national animal of Scotland is a unicorn.
- The last time a unicorn was claimed to be seen was in 2014 at the Moreton-in-Marsh Agricultural & Horse show in the United Kingdom.
This is a fantastic bundle which includes everything you need to know about unicorns across 24 in-depth pages. These are ready-to-use Unicorn worksheets that are perfect for teaching students about a unicorn is a mythical creature that is usually depicted as a majestic white horse with a single horn protruding from its head. Many legends say it has healing powers. It is also believed to symbolize purity and innocence. It is not proven that this animal actually exists, but various cultures have accounts of its physicality and abilities.
Complete List Of Included Worksheets
- Unicorn Facts
- Know The Unicorn
- Not Your Ordinary Horse
- I Saw A Unicorn!
- Legendary Time
- Mythical Creature
- “Unicorn Horn”
- Unicorn Crossword
- A Page in A Bestiary
- My Heraldic Symbol
- Unique the Unicorn
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Link will appear as Unicorn Facts & Worksheets: https://kidskonnect.com - KidsKonnect, November 5, 2018
Use With Any Curriculum
These worksheets have been specifically designed for use with any international curriculum. You can use these worksheets as-is, or edit them using Google Slides to make them more specific to your own student ability levels and curriculum standards.