Italy Facts

Italy Facts

Italy, officially the Italian Republic, is a unitary parliamentary republic in Southern Europe. Italy covers an area of 301,338 km and has a largely temperate climate; due to its shape, it is often referred to in Italy as lo Stivale. See the fact file below for more information about Italy.


57,715,625 (July 2002 est.)

301,230 sq km
includes Sardinia and Sicily – slightly larger than Arizona

Type of Government

Euro (EUR); Italian lira (ITL)

predominantly Mediterranean; Alpine in far north; hot, dry in south

Primary Language
Italian (official), German (parts of Trentino-Alto Adige region are predominantly German speaking), French (small French-speaking minority in Valle d’Aosta region), Slovene (Slovene-speaking minority in the Trieste-Gorizia area)

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